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Earth System Dynamics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 9, issue 3
Earth Syst. Dynam., 9, 969–983, 2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Earth Syst. Dynam., 9, 969–983, 2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 23 Jul 2018

Research article | 23 Jul 2018

Using network theory and machine learning to predict El Niño

Peter D. Nooteboom et al.
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Cited articles  
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Aladag, C. H., Egrioglu, E., and Kadilar, C.: Forecasting nonlinear time series with a hybrid methodology, Appl. Math. Lett., 22, 1467–1470,, 2009.
Al-Smadi, A. and Al-Zaben, A.: ARMA Model Order Determination Using Edge Detection: A New Perspective, Circuits, Systems Signal Processing, 24, 723–732, 2005.
Berezin, Y., Gozolchiani, A., Guez, O., and Havlin, S.: Stability of Climate Networks with Time, Sci. Rep.-UK, 2, 1–8,, 2012.
Bergmeir, C. and Benítez, J. M.: On the use of cross-validation for time series predictor evaluation, Inf. Sci. (Ny)., 191, 192–213,, 2012.
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
The prediction of the El Niño phenomenon, an increased sea surface temperature in the eastern Pacific, fascinates people for a long time. El Niño is associated with natural disasters, such as droughts and floods. Current methods can make a reliable prediction of this phenomenon up to 6 months ahead. However, this article presents a method which combines network theory and machine learning which predicts El Niño up to 1 year ahead.
The prediction of the El Niño phenomenon, an increased sea surface temperature in the eastern...