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Volume 8, issue 4
Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 963-976, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-963-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: Multiple drivers for Earth system changes in the Baltic Sea...

Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 963-976, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-963-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 03 Nov 2017

Research article | 03 Nov 2017

Trends and regime shifts in climatic conditions and river runoff in Estonia during 1951–2015

Jaak Jaagus et al.
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Cited articles  
Alheit, J., Möllmann, C., Dutz, J., Kornilovs, G., Loewe, P., Mohrholz, V., and Wasmund, N.: Synchronous ecological regime shifts in the central Baltic and the North Sea in the late 1980s, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 62, 1205–1215, 2005.
BACC: Assessment of climate change for the Baltic Sea basin, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 473 pp., 2008.
BACC: Second assessment of climate change for the Baltic Sea basin. Springer, Cham Heidelberg New York Dordrecht London, 501 pp., 2015.
Barnston, A. G. and Livezey, R. E.: Classification, seasonality and persistence of low-frequency atmospheric circulation patterns, Mon. Weather Rev., 115, 1083–1126, 1987.
Biggs, R., Carpenter, S. R., and Brock, W. A.: Turning back from the brink: Detecting an impending regime shift in time to avert it, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 106, 826–831, 2009.
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Short summary
Trends and regime shifts in climatic and hydrological parameters are analysed in Estonia during 1951–2015. The most important finding was the regime shift in the majority of parameters since the winter 1988/1989. The intensity of westerly circulation described by the NAO and AO indices increased, winter mean air temperature and precipitation also increased, and snow cover duration decreased. Consequently, specific runoff of rivers increased in January, February and March but decreased in April.
Trends and regime shifts in climatic and hydrological parameters are analysed in Estonia during...
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