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Volume 8, issue 4
Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 901–919, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-901-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: Multiple drivers for Earth system changes in the Baltic Sea...

Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 901–919, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-901-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 13 Oct 2017

Research article | 13 Oct 2017

Ship emissions and the use of current air cleaning technology: contributions to air pollution and acidification in the Baltic Sea

Björn Claremar et al.
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Amann, M., Borken, J., Böttcher, H., Cofala, J., Hettelingh, J., Heyes, C., Holland, M., Hunt, A., Klimont, Z., Mantzos, L., Ntziachristos, L., Obersteiner, M., Posch, M., Schneider, U., Schöpp, W., Slootweg, J., Witzke, P., Wagner, A., and Winiwarter, W.: Greenhouse Gases and Air Pollutants in the European Union: Baseline Projections up to 2030, Ec4macs Interim Assessment, IIASA, available at: http://webarchive.iiasa.ac.at/rains/reports/EC4MACS_IR_11.pdf (last access: 11 August 2014), 2011.
Andersen, J. H., Korpinen, S., Laamanen, M., Wolpers, U., Claussen, U., Durkin, M., Hasselström, L., Ljungberg, R., Meski, L., Murray, C., Reker, J., Soutukorva, Å., Stankiewicz, M., and Zweifel, U. L.: Ecosystem Health of the Baltic Sea, HELCOM Initial Holistic Assessment No. 122, Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings, 1–68, http://www.helcom.fi/Lists/Publications/BSEP122.pdf (last access: October 2017), 2010.
Andersson, P., Håkansson, B., Håkansson, J., and Sahlsten, E.: Marine Acidification on Effects and Monitoring of Marine Acidification in the Seas Surrounding Sweden, SMHI Report No. 92, SMHI, Gothenburg, Sweden, 1–62, 2008.
Claremar, B. and Rutgersson, A.: Deposition scenarios from Baltic Sea ship traffic with scrubbers, (Version 1) [Data set], Environment Climate Data Sweden (ECDS), https://doi.org/10.5879/ECDS/2017-10-10.1/1, 2017a.
Claremar, B. and Rutgersson, A.: 20th century deposition from Baltic Sea ship traffic, (Version 1) [Data set], Environment Climate Data Sweden (ECDS), https://doi.org/10.5879/ECDS/2017-10-10.2/1, 2017b.
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Shipping is the most cost-effective option for the global transport of goods, and over 90 % of world trade is carried by sea. The shipping sector, however, contributes to emissions of pollutants into the air and water. Estimates of deposition and near-surface concentrations of sulfur, nitrogen, and particulate matter originating from shipping in the Baltic Sea region have been developed for present conditions concerning traffic intensity and fuel as well as for future scenarios until 2050.
Shipping is the most cost-effective option for the global transport of goods, and over 90 % of...
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