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Earth System Dynamics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 8, issue 2
Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 455-475, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-455-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 455-475, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-455-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 30 Jun 2017

Research article | 30 Jun 2017

The importance of terrestrial weathering changes in multimillennial recovery of the global carbon cycle: a two-dimensional perspective

Marc-Olivier Brault1, H. Damon Matthews2, and Lawrence A. Mysak3 Marc-Olivier Brault et al.
  • 1Department of Geography, McGill University, Montréal, Canada
  • 2Department of Geography, Planning and Environment, Concordia University, Montréal, Canada
  • 3Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, McGill University, Montréal, Canada

Abstract. In this paper, we describe the development and application of a new spatially explicit weathering scheme within the University of Victoria Earth System Climate Model (UVic ESCM). We integrated a dataset of modern-day lithology with a number of previously devised parameterizations for weathering dependency on temperature, primary productivity, and runoff. We tested the model with simulations of future carbon cycle perturbations, comparing a number of emission scenarios and model versions with each other and with zero-dimensional equivalents of each experiment. Overall, we found that our two-dimensional weathering model versions were more efficient in restoring the carbon cycle to its pre-industrial state following the pulse emissions than their zero-dimensional counterparts; however, in either case the effect of this weathering negative feedback on the global carbon cycle was small on timescales of less than 1000 years. According to model results, the largest contribution to future changes in weathering rates came from the expansion of tropical and mid-latitude vegetation in grid cells dominated by weathering-vulnerable rock types, whereas changes in temperature and river runoff had a more modest direct effect. Our results also confirmed that silicate weathering is the only mechanism that can lead to a full recovery of the carbon cycle to pre-industrial levels on multimillennial timescales.

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In this paper we describe the development and application of a new spatially explicit weathering scheme within the University of Victoria Earth System Climate Model (UVic ESCM). We integrated a dataset of modern-day lithology with a number of previously devised parameterizations for weathering dependency on temperature, primary productivity, and runoff. We tested the model with simulations of future carbon cycle perturbations and confirmed the importance of silicate weathering in the long term.
In this paper we describe the development and application of a new spatially explicit weathering...
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