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Volume 7, issue 3
Earth Syst. Dynam., 7, 745-766, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-7-745-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Earth Syst. Dynam., 7, 745-766, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-7-745-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 15 Sep 2016

Research article | 15 Sep 2016

Impacts of land-use history on the recovery of ecosystems after agricultural abandonment

Andreas Krause et al.
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Aide, T. M., Zimmerman, J. K., Pascarella, J. B., Rivera, L., and Marcano-Vega, H.: Forest regeneration in a chronosequence of tropical abandoned pastures: Implications for restoration ecology, Restor. Ecol., 8, 328–338, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1526-100x.2000.80048.x, 2000.
Alkama, R. and Cescatti, A.: Biophysical climate impacts of recent changes in global forest cover, Science, 351, 600–604, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aac8083, 2016.
Arora, V. K. and Montenegro, A.: Small temperature benefits provided by realistic afforestation efforts, Nat. Geosci., 4, 514–518, https://doi.org/10.1038/NGEO1182, 2011.
Bayer, A. D., Pugh, T. A. M., Krause, A., and Arneth, A.: Historical and future quantification of terrestrial carbon sequestration from a greenhouse-gas-value perspective, Global Environ. Change, 32, 153–164, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.03.004, 2015.
Bellemare, J., Motzkin, G., and Foster, D. R.: Legacies of the agricultural past in the forested present: An assessment of historical land-use effects on rich mesic forests, J. Biogeogr., 29, 1401–1420, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2699.2002.00762.x, 2002.
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We used a vegetation model to study the legacy effects of different land-use histories on ecosystem recovery in a range of environmental conditions. We found that recovery trajectories are crucially influenced by type and duration of former agricultural land use, especially for soil carbon. Spatially, we found the greatest sensitivity to land-use history in boreal forests and subtropical grasslands. These results are relevant for measurements, climate modeling and afforestation projects.
We used a vegetation model to study the legacy effects of different land-use histories on...
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