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Earth System Dynamics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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Earth Syst. Dynam., 7, 697-715, 2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
29 Aug 2016
Why CO2 cools the middle atmosphere – a consolidating model perspective
Helge F. Goessling and Sebastian Bathiany
Interactive discussionStatus: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version      Supplement - Supplement
SC1: 'A much-needed paper', Angus Ferraro, 22 Mar 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
AC1: 'Reply to SC1', Helge Goessling, 01 Jul 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
RC1: 'Review of “Why CO2 cools the middle atmosphere – a consolidating model Perspective” by H.F. Goessling and S. Bathiany', Max Popp, 09 May 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
AC2: 'Reply to RC1', Helge Goessling, 02 Jul 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
RC2: 'Anonymous review comments', Anonymous Referee #2, 12 May 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
AC3: 'Reply to RC2', Helge Goessling, 02 Jul 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
EC1: 'Minor revisions needed', Michel Crucifix, 04 Jul 2016 Printer-friendly Version 
Peer review completion
AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by Editor) (04 Jul 2016) by Michel Crucifix  
AR by Helge Goessling on behalf of the Authors (27 Jul 2016)  Author's response  Manuscript
ED: Publish subject to technical corrections (08 Aug 2016) by Michel Crucifix  
CC BY 4.0
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
Carbon dioxide, while warming the Earth's surface, cools the atmosphere beyond about 15 km (the middle atmosphere). This cooling is considered a fingerprint of anthropogenic global warming, yet the physical reason behind it remains prone to misconceptions. Here we use a simple radiation model to illustrate the physical essence of stratospheric cooling, and a complex climate model to quantify how strongly different mechanisms contribute.
Carbon dioxide, while warming the Earth's surface, cools the atmosphere beyond about 15 km (the...