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Volume 7, issue 1
Earth Syst. Dynam., 7, 1–19, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-7-1-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Earth Syst. Dynam., 7, 1–19, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-7-1-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 18 Jan 2016

Research article | 18 Jan 2016

Lifetime of soil moisture perturbations in a coupled land–atmosphere simulation

T. Stacke and S. Hagemann
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Asharaf, S. and Ahrens, B.: Soil-moisture memory in the regional climate model COSMO-CLM during the Indian summer monsoon season, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 6144–6151, https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50429, 2013.
Atlas, R., Wolfson, N., and Terry, J.: The Effect of SST and Soil Moisture Anomalies on GLA Model Simulations of the 1988 U.S. Summer Drought, J. Climate, 6, 2034–2048, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1993)006<2034:TEOSAS>2.0.CO;2, 1993.
Beljaars, A., Viterbo, P., Miller, M., and Betts, A.: The anomalous rainfall over the United States during July 1993: Sensitivity to land surface parameterization and soil moisture anomalies, Mon. Weather Rev., 124, 362–383, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1996)124<0362:TAROTU>2.0.CO;2, 1996.
Betts, A.: Understanding hydrometeorology using global models, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 85, 1673–1688, https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-85-11-1673, 2004.
Bony, S., Colman, R., Kattsov, V., Allan, R., Bretherton, C., Dufresne, J.-L., Hall, A., Hallegatte, S., Holland, M., Ingram, W., Randall, D., Soden, B., Tselioudis, G., and Webb, M.: How well do we understand and evaluate climate change feedback processes?, J. Climate, 19, 3445–3482, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI3819.1, 2006.
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This study evaluates the lifetime of soil moisture perturbations using an atmosphere-land GCM. We find memory of up to 9 months for root zone soil moisture. Interactions with other surface states result in significant but short-lived anomalies in surface temperature and more stable anomalies in leaf carbon content. As these anomalies can recur repeatedly, e.g. due to interactions with a deep-soil moisture reservoir, we conclude that soil moisture initialization may impact climate predictions.
This study evaluates the lifetime of soil moisture perturbations using an atmosphere-land GCM....
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