Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Tromsø, The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway
Received: 08 Jun 2015 – Discussion started: 17 Jul 2015
Abstract. The concept of multiple scaling regimes in temperature time series is examined, with emphasis on the question whether or not a monoscaling model with one single scaling regime can be rejected from observation data from the Holocene. A model for internal variability with only one regime is simpler and allows more certain predictions on timescales of centuries when combined with existing knowledge of radiative forcing. Our analysis of spectra from stable isotope ratios from Greenland and Antarctica ice cores shows that a scale break around centennial timescales is evident for the last glacial period, but not for the Holocene. Spectra from a number of late Holocene multiproxy temperature reconstructions, and one from the entire Holocene, have also been analysed, without identifying a significant scale break. Our results indicate that a single-regime scaling climate noise, with some non-scaling fluctuations on a millennial timescale superposed, cannot be rejected as a null model for the Holocene climate. The scale break observed from the glacial time ice-core records is likely caused by the influence of Dansgaard–Oeschger events and teleconnections to the Southern Hemisphere on centennial timescales. From our analysis we conclude that the two-regime model is not sufficiently justified for the Holocene to be used for temperature prediction on centennial timescales.
Revised: 21 Mar 2016 – Accepted: 18 Apr 2016 – Published: 28 Apr 2016
Nilsen, T., Rypdal, K., and Fredriksen, H.-B.: Are there multiple scaling regimes in Holocene temperature records?, Earth Syst. Dynam., 7, 419-439, doi:10.5194/esd-7-419-2016, 2016.